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1. Which of the following is always true of seizure?
Loss of consciousness
Loss of bowel or urinary bladder control
Movement or twitching of the limbs
EEG during event shows evolving epileptiform discharges
Brain lesion generating the seizure is located in cerebral hemispheres
2. Which of the following term(s) is not appropriate for describing the cause of a patient’s epilepsy?
3. Regarding seizure frequency, which of the following terms implies more than 1 seizure within a 5-12 hour period separate form patient’s typical seizure pattern?
Acute repetitive seizure
Grand mal seizure
4. Which of the following is NOT true of non-convulsive seizure?
Patient can appear to be sleeping
Present in patients with encephalitis
Carries poor prognosis in humans in many situations
EEG necessary to prove diagnosis
Seldom requires treatment
5. Which of the following is NOT a problem that can be confused for seizure?
Muscle spasm from cervical disk disease
C1-C2 vertebral luxation
REM Sleep Disorder
All of the above could have presentation mistaken for seizure
6. If a seizure starts with twitching on one side of the body or only involves one side of the body then which of the following is NOT true?
The focus generating that seizure localizes to the contralateral cerebral cortex or thalamus
Stroke, tumor or infection are likely possible causes
EEG changes may be isolated to the contralateral cerebral cortex or thalamus
Patient will have a poor outcome
Metabolic or toxic causes of seizure are unlikely possible causes
7. Which of the following is NOT a likely observation in a cat with non-convulsive status epilepticus?
Eyelid or facial twitching
8. In a study done at BVNS that compared EEG normal to EEG abnormal patients, which of the following is the best answer?
EEG abnormal patients were at increased risk for abnormal MRI
EEG abnormal patients were at increased risk for abnormal CSF
EEG normal patients had lower cost for hospitalization
EEG normal patients had lower number of days of hospitalization
EEG abnormal patients had a higher rate of mortality
All of the above are true
9. In human encephalopathy patients monitored with video - EEG to detect non-convulsive seizure, what percentage of patients have eye blinking, lip smacking, sudden jerks that are not from seizure?
10. In the study by Bateman, et al, what percentage of veterinary patients hospitalized for cluster seizure or status epilepticus were euthanized?